The US wants to reinstate all punitive measures against Iran. European signatories of the agreement, however, are sticking to the contract.
With a letter to the UN Security Council, the United States has set a mechanism in motion that, according to US President Donald Trump, should lead to the reinstatement of all sanctions against Iran.
In the letter, the US accused the leadership in Tehran on Thursday of violating the 2015 nuclear deal. This means that a 30-day period begins to run, which could lead to the re-entry into force of the sanctions against Iran that have been lifted since 2015. Whether the US can trigger this so-called snapback mechanism at all is controversial, as Trump had unilaterally withdrawn from the nuclear agreement in 2018.
The European signatory states of the nuclear agreement, Germany, France and Great Britain, said they remained committed to the treaty and could not support the US push. They pointed out that the US was no longer part of the nuclear deal. At the same time, the Europeans urged Iran to meet the requirements of the agreement again.
Last week the US failed in its attempt to extend the arms embargo against Iran in the Security Council. Russia and China oppose such a step and can prevent a corresponding UN decision with their veto in the body.
Germany, France and Great Britain abstained from voting and are trying to find a compromise, which could consist of a defused embargo. If the Security Council members fail to reach an agreement, the embargo will expire in October, as agreed in the nuclear agreement.